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CHINA and the US Conflicts of Interest: Reports and Discussions.

J. Abizeid

Well-Known Member
China military warns of confrontation over seas | Reuters

China military warns of confrontation over seas



BEIJING (Reuters) - China's military warned the United States on Saturday that U.S.-Philippine military exercises have raised risks of armed confrontation over the disputed South China Sea in the toughest high-level warning yet after weeks of tensions.
China's official Liberation Army Daily warned that recent jostling with the Philippines over disputed seas where both countries have sent ships could boil over into outright conflict, and laid much of the blame at Washington's door.
This week American and Filipino troops launched a fortnight of annual naval drills amid the stand-off between Beijing and Manila, who have accused each other of encroaching on sovereign seas near the Scarborough Shoal, west of a former U.S. navy base at Subic Bay.
The joint exercises are held in different seas around the Philippines; the leg that takes place in the South China Sea area starts on Monday.
"Anyone with clear eyes saw long ago that behind these drills is reflected a mentality that will lead the South China Sea issue down a fork in the road towards military confrontation and resolution through armed force," said the commentary in the Chinese paper, which is the chief mouthpiece of the People's Liberation Army.
"Through this kind of meddling and intervention, the United States will only stir up the entire South China Sea situation towards increasing chaos, and this will inevitably have a massive impact on regional peace and stability."
Up to now, China has chided the Philippines over the dispute about the uninhabited shoal known in the Philippines as the Panatag Shoal and which China calls Huangyan, about 124 nautical miles off the main Philippine island of Luzon.
China has territorial disputes with the Philippines, Vietnam, Brunei, Malaysia and Taiwan across the South China Sea, which could be rich in oil and gas and is spanned by busy shipping lanes.
Major General Luo Yuan, a retired PLA researcher well-known for his hawkish views, amplified the warnings from Beijing issued through state media.
"China has already shown enough restraint and patience over this incident," Luo said of the friction with Manila, according to an interview published on Chinese state television's website (news.cntv.cn).
If the Philippines "takes irrational actions, then the current confrontation could intensify, and the Chinese navy will certainly not stand idly by," he added.
REGIONAL TENSIONS
Beijing has sought to resolve the disputes one-on-one with the countries involved but there is worry among its neighbors over what some see as growing Chinese assertiveness in staking claims over the seas and various islands, reefs and shoals.
In past patches of tension over disputed seas, hawkish Chinese military voices have also risen, only to be later reined in by the government. The same could be true this time.
Since late 2010, China has sought to cool tensions with the United States. Especially with the ruling Chinese Party preoccupied with a leadership succession late in 2012, Beijing has stressed hopes for steady relations throughout this year.
Nonetheless, experts have said that China remains wary of U.S. military intentions across the Asia-Pacific, especially in the wake of the Obama administration's vows to "pivot" to the region, reinvigorating diplomatic and security ties with allies.
The Liberation Army Daily commentary echoed that wariness.
"The United States' intention of trying to draw more countries into stirring up the situation in the South China Sea is being brandished to the full," said the newspaper.
 

Republican

Legendary Member
[FIELDSET="Space tech"]

U.S. accusation against China over space-tech spying comes out of thin air

BEIJING, April 21 (Xinhua) -- A U.S. accusation that the progress China has made in space exploration, particularly satellites, should be partially attributed to espionage involving American technology is utterly groundless, irresponsible and detrimental to bilateral relations.

A Pentagon report released Wednesday recommended loosening U.S. export controls to international clients on "hundreds of thousands" of items used to build communications satellites and remote sensing equipment.

However, the report stubbornly recommended maintaining or even tightening controls on those exports to particular countries such as China and Iran, accusing China of spying to obtain space technology.

The accusation, first of all, is an underestimation of China's ability to independently explore space. The Chinese are known for their hard work and diligence in space technology and other high-tech fields. That's already been long proven by China's independent development of its first man-made satellite in 1970.

With the successful launch of Dong Fang Hong I on April 24, 1970, China, amidst a time of Cold War confrontation and isolation, became the fifth country, after the Soviet Union, the United States, France and Japan, to independently put a satellite into space.

The successful launch of Shen Zhou 5 in 2003 made China the third country to independently send a human being into space. China's space history speaks volumes about the fact that any restrictions against China's space exploration will end in vain.

The U.S. accusation of skullduggery also is an underestimation of its own ability to keep secrets. The United States is well known for possessing the widest and most advanced secrecy network in the world. All U.S. laboratories have strict security measures in place to keep their work secret.

The accusation is also a reminder of the notorious case against Chinese-American scientist Wen Ho Lee. The scientist was charged in 1999 with stealing secrets to leak to China from the Los Alamos National Laboratory -- the birthplace of the atomic bomb.

Lee spent nine months in solitary confinement before authorities dropped all charges against him except for a minor face-saving count, and the judge had to apologize to him in court.

The United States should learn from the Lee case and stop making groundless accusations against China.

Meanwhile, America's insistence on its two-decade-old satellite export restrictions against China runs counter to the consensus reached between the two heads of state on enhancing space cooperation, and would be harmful for overall bilateral ties.

The latest recommendation for making American space technology available on the global market obviously is aimed at creating a more competitive and profitable U.S. space industry amidst a tightened federal budget.

The United States has grumbled about its huge trade deficit with China, while Beijing, for its part, has repeated its willingness to buy American high-tech products.

So why should the United States distrustfully shut the space-tech door to China and miss a possible win-win situation?

It is a plain fact that loosening export controls to China, particularly on high-tech products, could earn the United States a large pile of greenbacks and considerably reduce its trade deficit.

[/FIELDSET]
 

Dirty Dragon

Well-Known Member
America’s policy of Chinese containment

Apparently, with the Cold War over, a new global confrontation between the United States and China could begin. One might get this impression after analyzing the steps taken by Washington in the international arena.

For now, America is avoiding making any declarations towards China, such as the Truman or Eisenhower doctrines or Churchill’s Fulton speech. However, practical steps to curb Beijing have already been taken. The U.S. has been consolidating its power in Australia and Singapore, and there are plans to begin military assistance to countries in the Asia-Pacific region.

From discussing the problem with American experts working on military issues, it becomes clear that today the United States, in its confrontation with China, has at least three lines of strategic deterrence located all over the Pacific Ocean. The first is in close proximity to the Chinese territory, based on U.S. military bases and infrastructure on the Japanese archipelago, in South Korea, Okinawa and Taiwan. Intense negotiations are taking place on re-establishing the US naval base in Subic Bay in the Philippines. It has been confirmed that the U.S. and Vietnam have begun informal talks on leasing the former U.S. military base in Cam Ranh.

If you draw a line between all these states, you will see the first circle of the U.S. containment of China, which effectively prevents the country from being a maritime power. Today, the Chinese navy’s access to open water is controlled by Americans. However, there is also a second circle (based on Guam and Hawaii), as well as a third, reserve one, the base for which is California and Alaska.

According to a source close to the White House, China is now clearly perceived by the American political establishment as the most important threat to U.S. interests in the long run, so Washington believes it is advisable to start to control China today.

The United States is not going to control China alone. It is actively trying to recruit as many allies as possible. These can be divided into several groups. The first is composed of countries that are heavily dependent on the U.S.: Japan (in military terms, the country is more an American satellite rather than an ally), South Korea (which without military aid from Washington risks a showdown with North Korea), and Taiwan (an unrecognized state that remains de facto independent only with the support of the U.S.). Tokyo, Seoul and Taipei will support any initiatives from the White House directed against China.

The situation is more complicated with other international actors. The United States, in trying to contain China, has set up a system allowing it to deprive the Chinese economy of energy commodities at any time. To implement this, it is important to shut the northern and southern transit routes, according to the abovementioned expert close to Barack Obama’s administration.

The southern transit route, which runs through the strategically important Strait of Malacca, is vital for China. If it were closed, China's economy would not be able to survive even for a month. That is why the U.S. created a permanent group of warships that will be located in Singapore. Strategic depth will be provided by the U.S. military in Australia and the Philippines. Thus, the strait can easily be blocked by Washington.

The situation is somewhat more complicated with the northern transit route, Russia. According to available information, for the past few months the United States has been waging an intense campaign of negotiations with Moscow, trying to obtain its support on the issue of containing China. They have so far been unsuccessful. In order to achieve a positive outcome, the U.S. is willing to make some concessions to Russia, including on missile defense and financial and economic issues. In Washington, they are well aware that Russian support may be the decisive factor in dictating terms to China. That is why they intend to continue to move in this direction.

Simultaneously, the U.S. continues to hold an anti-China dialogue with India. In recent years, Sino-Indian relations have not been so bad, but in the past significant differences have arisen between Beijing and New Delhi. That is why the participation of India in containing China does not seem improbable. The formation of an anti-China coalition consisting of the USA, Russia, India, Japan, South Korea, Australia and Southeast Asia could put China in a desperate situation.

The Chinese government is well aware of this and is trying to find a way out by creating a powerful fleet capable of operating far beyond the Chinese coast for a long period of time and that could directly threaten the United States, as well as by strengthening relations with Russia, which does not want to contain China. This is one of the reasons for the Chinese media’s attempts to project the idea of a Russian-Chinese Eurasian alliance, which could in fact be a tool for balancing U.S. influence in Eurasia.

It is not yet clear how far Washington is ready to go in its anti-China strategy. But the signals coming from the White House are raising some concerns. That is why international relations in the second decade of the 21st century may see the reappearance of the doctrines of “containment”, “liberation” and “massive retaliation”, concepts that were thought to have been long forgotten.

Source
 

Dirty Dragon

Well-Known Member
China is not yet trying to be a world power with influence everywhere like the US. They are still in the process of improving domestic infrastructure. Time will tell if they will reach a point the next step of building their global military and influence. The first step prerequisite for that is becoming a strong naval power. The US is still literally the only world naval power and this is a big source of the US global power. This is where the US ring of military containment around China comes in as an obstacle. Japan, Taiwan , Philippines, Australia. China would need to regain direct control over Taiwan or pull them from the US orbit. So far both China and US are content with the status quo and putting off a final determination of Taiwan's status for the foreseeable future.

Of course the US will not sit and let that happen. My guess is the US will dream of doing to China what they did to Syria but on a larger scale... drown them in a bloody civil war in the name of democracy. Chinese civil wars have been among the bloodiest in history and this is a weak point of China. No doubt to counter this China would need foster extremely effective national ideologies that are not easily subverted by external propaganda.
 

J. Abizeid

Well-Known Member
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/03/world/asia/chen-guangcheng-leaves-us-embassy-in-beijing-china.html
Chinese Dissident Is Released From Embassy, Causing Turmoil for U.S.

Us Embassy Beijing Press Office, via Agence France-Presse — Getty Images
Chen Guangcheng leaving the American Embassy with Ambassador Gary Locke and Kurt Campbell of the State

BEIJING — In a series of dramatically conflicting developments on Wednesday, the Chinese dissident Chen Guangcheng left American custody under disputed circumstances, and what briefly looked like a deft diplomatic achievement for Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton turned into a potential debacle.
Mr. Chen, who was inside the American Embassy compound here for six days as the Chinese and American governments negotiated over his fate, left Wednesday afternoon in a deal that American officials hailed as a breakthrough because it would fulfill his wish to live safely in China.
But even as Americans were releasing photographs of a celebratory send-off of Mr. Chen from the embassy, his friends questioned the reliability of any Chinese promises to allow him to live openly in China, and Mr. Chen later said his decision to give up American protection had not been fully voluntary.
In a telephone interview Thursday morning from his bed at Chaoyang Hospital here, where he was receiving treatment as part of the deal between the Americans and Chinese, Mr. Chen, a lawyer who is blind, said he had left the embassy on his own volition after the Chinese government guaranteed that his rights would be protected. But he also said he had felt some pressure because he was told that Chinese officials had threatened to beat his wife to death if he remained under American protection.
Asked if American officials had encouraged him to leave, he said, “To a certain degree.” While he was treated well there, he said, “the U.S. government was not proactive enough.”
He said American officials contacted him Thursday morning and said they would visit later in the day,
In interviews Wednesday with Western journalists, Mr. Chen, said he wanted to leave China, preferably for the United States, because “guaranteeing citizens’ rights in China is empty talk,” an assertion that sharply undermines the American rationale for releasing him from diplomatic protection.
“My safety and my family’s safety are not guaranteed even now,” he said. “Their promises have not been fulfilled.”
The turn of events left Mrs. Clinton to begin her strategic dialogue with her Chinese counterparts on Thursday under a cloud of confusion. It also exposed the Obama administration to criticism from Republicans and human rights groups that it had rushed to resolve a delicate human rights case so that it would not overshadow other matters on the bilateral agenda that Mrs. Clinton previously called more important, including the Iranian and North Korean nuclear programs and China’s currency and trade policies.
Earlier in the day, senior State Department officials who had negotiated on Mr. Chen’s behalf said that he had repeatedly insisted he wanted to remain in China, and that the Chinese authorities had made concessions to make that possible. The officials said the Chinese had agreed to allow him to start a new life in Tianjin, a port city near the capital, where he could study law and live with his family. There, he would be free of the harassment and intimidation he had suffered for years at the hands of security officials in a rural village of Shandong Province, they said.
Mrs. Clinton, who arrived in Beijing about six hours before Mr. Chen’s release, said after his departure that the Chinese government had given understandings about his future. “Making those commitments a reality is the next crucial task,” she said.
She also said she was “pleased that we were able to facilitate Chen Guangcheng’s stay and departure from the U.S. Embassy in a way that reflected his choices and our values.”
“I was glad to have the chance to speak with him today and to congratulate him on being reunited with his wife and children,” she said.
But the deal began coming apart almost immediately, as the Chinese government issued a blistering statement to domestic news media saying the role the United States had played in the matter “is totally unacceptable to China.” The Foreign Ministry statement insisted that Washington offer an apology and punish officials involved in taking Mr. Chen into American protection.
State Department officials disputed Mr. Chen’s assertion, made in interviews Wednesday with Western news media, that American officials had relayed threats against his family by the Chinese authorities.
The officials said that they had passed along a Chinese message that Mr. Chen’s wife, Yuan Weijing, would be sent back to Shandong if he remained under American care, and that American officials could do nothing to ensure her safety there.
“At no time did any U.S. official speak to Chen about physical or legal threats to his wife and children, nor did Chinese officials make any such threats to us,” Victoria Nuland, the State Department spokeswoman, said in an e-mailed statement. “U.S. interlocutors did make clear that if Chen elected to stay in the embassy, Chinese officials had indicated to us that his family would be returned to Shandong, and they would lose their opportunity to negotiate for reunification.”
Mr. Chen’s statement he no longer wanted to stay in China contradicted what American officials said he had told them while in their care, and public statements Mr. Chen had made before he sought American protection.
His reversal, perhaps the result of panic at being left alone in a big Beijing hospital after a long ordeal that had begun with a daring escape from house arrest nearly two weeks ago, or of true second thoughts, could turn out to be a reflection of the American rush to have the scheduled economic and security talks unimpeded by a messy human rights case.
Mrs. Clinton has mentioned Mr. Chen’s bravery in public as one of the most startling among China’s human rights dissidents. But she has also made clear during her tenure as secretary of state that the vital economic and strategic dealings with China cannot become captive to the human rights cases.
Mrs. Clinton left the details of the negotiations over Mr. Chen to two of her top officials, Kurt Campbell, the assistant secretary of state for East Asian and Pacific affairs, and Harold Koh, the State Department legal adviser, and appeared to give her final blessing to the arrangements they had worked out after she landed in Beijing Wednesday morning.
Mr. Campbell said he felt the agreement with the Chinese forged a new model for how Chinese dissidents could stay in China, if they wanted to, rather than seeking residence in another country and losing their voice inside their homeland. He said it was unrealistic to expect that a written accord outlining the Chinese assurances could have been completed.
The deal came under sharp criticism in the United States.
Representative Christopher H. Smith, a Republican from New Jersey and an outspoken critic of China’s human rights record, said that given Mr. Chen’s fears, the administration should have considered granting him asylum.
“There are no safe places in China for dissidents,” Mr. Smith said. “Going to the hospital is no different from going to the police station.”
An outspoken supporter in the United States of Chinese dissidents, Bob Fu, who heads the ChinaAid Association and was involved in Mr. Chen’s escape from security officials last week, said he feared the “U.S. side has abandoned Mr. Chen.”
The trouble for the Americans began to emerge soon after 7 p.m. Wednesday when American diplomats and doctors at the hospital with Mr. Chen, who had injured his foot while fleeing house arrest, were told to leave by the hospital authorities, in accordance with visiting hours, two American officials said.
Mr. Chen said his wife and two children were still with him in his room Thursday after being allowed to stay overnight, but he told friends and reporters who could get through to him on the phone that he had expected round-the-clock American protection. An American official involved in the negotiations said that the embassy called Mr. Chen at 9 p.m. and that he said he was fine.
Jerome A. Cohen, a New York lawyer and a friend of Mr. Chen’s, said the dissident appeared to have panicked after being taken to the hospital. The authorities had cordoned off the room, denied visitors access and apparently limited his phone calls, Mr. Cohen said.
“The trouble is nobody has appeared to stay with him,” Mr. Cohen said of the diplomats who escorted him to the hospital. “That must have produced panic. His friends couldn’t get through.”
Perhaps most difficult for the State Department was the statement by Mr. Chen’s lawyer, Teng Biao, that his client had “changed his mind” and did not feel secure.
Mr. Chen even chose to dispute an account by American senior officials that he was so ebullient in talking to Mrs. Clinton on the phone during his ride to the hospital that he had said in his broken English: “I want to kiss you.” Instead, Mr. Chen said in the interview Thursday, he had said he wanted to “see” her.
Though the outcome of his case remained unclear, American officials said they felt the Chinese had been surprisingly forthcoming in their willingness to discuss the terms of Mr. Chen’s remaining in the country.
Many experts had doubted after Mr. Chen sought American protection that the Chinese authorities would discuss the terms of a Chinese citizen’s rights under Chinese law with the United States, and that the standoff over his case could persist for a long time. Outlining the terms, American officials said the Chinese had agreed Mr. Chen could leave his home province, where he had suffered repeated abuses, and move to one of seven cities chosen by the two sides to study law.
A self-educated lawyer, Mr. Chen indicated he wanted to study law at Tianjin, a city about 40 minutes from Beijing, they said. The Americans pledged to find funds for Mr. Chen’s tuition and family expenses from private sources.
The Chinese also pledged to investigate the Shandong provincial authorities and their harsh treatment of Mr. Chen, something he was most anxious about, the American officials said.
 

J. Abizeid

Well-Known Member
China's rampant economic growth and political influence continues raising numerous questions about the outcomes of this growth. China expert and author John Naisbitt told RT that the world is soon to be dominated by US-China relations.


[vbtube]DMb3-xSZ-ro&feature=related[/vbtube]
 

J. Abizeid

Well-Known Member
China pursuing steady military build-up: Pentagon - Yahoo! News





China is exploiting Western commercial technology, carrying out aggressive cyber espionage and buying more anti-ship missiles as part of a steady build-up of military power, the Pentagon said Friday.
Beijing is working to take advantage of "mostly US" defense-related technologies in the private sector as part of a long-running effort to modernize the country's armed forces and extend China's reach in the Asia-Pacific region, the Pentagon wrote in a report to Congress.
"One of the PRC's (People's Republic of China) stated national security objectives is to leverage legally and illegally acquired dual-use and military-related technologies to its advantage," it said.
And China, which has the world's second largest defense budget behind the United States, "openly espouses the need to exploit civilian technologies for use in its military modernization" and dual-use technology transfers could have a "substantial" cumulative effect in boosting the country's army.
The Pentagon warned that "interactions with Western aviation manufacturing firms may also inadvertently benefit China's defense aviation industry."
European aerospace giant Airbus opened a production line for the A320 aircraft in China in 2009. The Defense Department pledged to prevent exports of advanced technologies that could be diverted to China's military.
Echoing recent warnings from intelligence officials, the Pentagon blamed China for "many" of the world's cyber intrusions over the past year that have targeted US government and commercial networks, including companies "that directly support US defense programs," it said.
The report warned that "Chinese actors are the world's most active and persistent perpetrators of economic espionage," and predicted that those spying efforts would continue, posing "a growing and persistent threat to US economic security."
China's investments in cyber warfare were cause for "concern," said David Helvey, acting deputy assistant secretary of defense for East Asia and Asia Pacific Security Affairs.
Beijing was clearly "looking at ways to use cyber for offensive operations," Helvey told reporters, adding that there was no sign that China was ramping up digital activities.
The American military has long worried that China could potentially limit the reach of US naval ships in the western Pacific with new weapons, and the Pentagon report underlined those concerns, pointing to Beijing's growing arsenal of missiles.
"It is also acquiring and fielding greater numbers of conventional medium-range ballistic missiles (MRBMs) to increase the range at which it can conduct precision strikes against land targets and naval ships, including aircraft carriers, operating far from China's shores beyond the first island chain," said the report.
China was pouring money into advanced air defenses, submarines, anti-satellite weapons as well as anti-ship missiles that could all be used to deny an adversary access to strategic areas, such as the South China Sea, the report said.
US strategists -- and some defense contractors -- often refer to the threat posed by China's so-called "carrier-killer" missiles but Helvey said the anti-ship weapons currently have "limited operational capability."
China's military budget officially reached $106 billion in 2012, an 11.2 percent increase.
But the US report said China's defense budget does not include major expenditures such as improvements to nuclear forces or purchases of foreign-made weapons. Real defense spending amounts to $120 to $180 billion, the report said.
US military spending, however, still dwarfs Chinese investments, with the Pentagon's proposed budget for 2013 at more than $600 billion.
Despite a sustained increase in defense spending over the past decade, China had experienced setbacks with some satellite launches and ambitious projects to produce a fifth-generation fighter jet and modern aircraft carrier still faced challenges, the report said.
Although looking to expand its traditional missions to include counter-piracy and humanitarian efforts, the People's Liberation Army's top priority remained a possible conflict in the Taiwan Strait, with China focused on preventing the United States from intervening successfully in support of Taiwan, the report said.
 

J. Abizeid

Well-Known Member
US missile shield to encircle Chinese economic tiger

American plans to develop a missile shield in Asia have alarmed Beijing. With 250 million Chinese officially considered poor, spending billions to challenge the US military could sink China's economy without firing a single shot.
The Chinese military has voiced concern that the US missile shield plans to destabilize the military balance on the continent.

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J. Abizeid

Well-Known Member
China has hit back at the US for criticizing its new military garrison in the South China Sea. The Sansha base was created just two weeks ago on Chinese territory. But it's in an area where competing territorial claims pit Beijing against the Philippines and Vietnam, among others. China set up the outpost to administer thousands of square miles of water it says are within its sovereignty. But Washington believes it's an attempt to occupy the entire South China Sea, which is rich in oil resources. The US has tens of thousands of military personnel in Asia-Pacific, and views itself as a stabilizing influence in the region. But Conn Hallinan, a senior analyst at Foreign Policy in Focus, believes regional tensions could escalate into an even wider conflict.

[vbtube]wudFdO84T7g[/vbtube]​
 

J. Abizeid

Well-Known Member
Not satisfied with its missile shield in Europe - Washington has announced plans for a similar weapons system in Asia.

A Pentagon official pointed at a perceived threat from North Korea as the main justification.

But political activist and head of the New Patriotic Alliance, Renato Reyes, says that's a paper thin excuse.


[vbtube]vJC8VroKwGM[/vbtube]​
 

J. Abizeid

Well-Known Member
Cyber Arms Race: US, China in full-scale web war?


Published on Feb 25, 2013
The rivalry between the U.S. and China has gone digital - and is threatening to turn into full-scale cyber war. A recent scandal involving a Chinese military unit allegedly engaged in cyber theft from American companies has put Washington on the defensive. But it might not be long before Washington makes its move in this new-era cyber arms race, as RT's Marina Portnaya reports -​


[vbtube]TxHUM-vPvHs[/vbtube]​
 

kalel

Well-Known Member
Orange Room Supporter
Chinese hackers access U.S. weapon systems and steal blueprints to Australia’s new spy HQ months before it has even opened


Hackers have 'compromised' U.S. designs for combat aircraft and ships
They also accessed missile defenses vital for Europe, Asia and the Gulf
Floorplans of Australia Security Intelligence Organisation's new $630m headquarters have also been stolen - before it has even been opened


By Daily Mail Reporter

PUBLISHED: 08:10 GMT, 28 May 2013 | UPDATED: 08:33 GMT, 28 May 2013



Chinese hackers have accessed designs for more than two dozen U.S. weapons systems and stolen the blueprints for Australia's new spy headquarters which hasn't even been opened yet.

These latest strikes come after months of numerous computer security breaches involving Chinese hackers as the ongoing cyber war between China and the West intensifies.

Hackers have now 'compromised' U.S. designs for combat aircraft and ships, as well as missile defenses vital for Europe, Asia and the Gulf, it has emerged.
Security risk: Chinese hackers have 'compromised' U.S. designs for its weapon systems and stolen the floorplans of Australia Security Intelligence Organisation's new HQ

The Washington Post learned of the breach from a Pentagon report prepared for the Defense Department by the Defense Science Board.

Among the weapons listed in the report were the advanced Patriot missile system, the Navy's Aegis ballistic missile defense systems, the F/A-18 fighter jet, the V-22 Osprey, the Black Hawk helicopter and the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter.

The report did not specify the extent or time of the cyber-thefts or indicate if they involved computer networks of the U.S. government, contractors or subcontractors.

But the espionage would give China knowledge that could be exploited in a conflict, such as knocking out communications and corrupting data, the Post said. It also could speed Beijing's development of Chinese defense technology.


Chinese hackers stole plans for confidential United States weapons systems including the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter.

In a report to Congress earlier this month, the Pentagon said China was using espionage to modernize its military and that its hacking was a serious concern. It said the U.S. government had been the target of hacking that appeared to be 'attributable directly to the Chinese government and military'.

China has dismissed as groundless both the Pentagon report and a February report by the U.S. computer security company Mandiant, which said a secretive Chinese military unit was probably behind a series of hacking attacks targeting the United States that had stolen data from 100 companies.

Meanwhile, news reports in Australia claim hackers linked to China stole the floorplans of the $630 million headquarters for the Australia Security Intelligence Organisation, the country's domestic spy agency.
Government officials say that the weapons system plans stolen by Chinese hackers could comprise future United States military revenuers. A V-22 Osprey pictured here is among the aircrafts for which plans were stolen


'Compromised': A V-22 Osprey pictured here is among the aircrafts for which plans were stolen

The attack through the computers of a construction contractor exposed not only building layouts, but also the location of communication and computer networks.

Australia security analyst Des Ball told the ABC in the report that such information made the yet to be completed spy headquarters vulnerable to future cyber attacks.

'You can start constructing your own wiring diagrams, where the linkages are through telephone connections, through wi-fi connections, which rooms are likely to be the ones that are used for sensitive conversations, how to surreptitiously put devices into the walls of those rooms,' said Ball.

The building is designed to be part of a global electronic intelligence gathering network which includes the United States and the UK, but its construction has been plagued by delays and cost blowouts, with some builders blaming late design changes on cyber attacks.
Chinese hackers allegedly associated with the country's government stole United States missile plans for weapons such as Patriot missile batteries (pictured here)


Chinese hackers allegedly associated with the country's government stole United States missile plans for weapons such as Patriot missile batteries (pictured here)

The ABC report said the Chinese hacking was part of a growing wave of cyber attacks against business and military targets in the close U.S. ally.

It said the hackers also stole confidential information from the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, which houses the overseas spy agency the Australian Secret Intelligence Service and had targeted local companies, including steel-manufacturer Bluescope Steel, and military and civilian communications manufacturer Codan Ltd.

The influential Greens party said the hacking was a 'security blunder of epic proportions' and called for an inquiry, but the government refused to confirm the breach.

Prime Minister Julia Gillard said the reports were 'inaccurate', but declined to say how.

Australian officials, like those in the United States and other Western nations, have made cyber attacks a security priority following a growing number of attacks of the resource rich country, mostly blamed on China.

Despite being one of Beijing's major trade partners, the country is seen by China as the southern fulcrum of the U.S. military pivot to the Asia-Pacific and in 2011 agreed to host thousands of U.S. Marines in near-permanent rotation.
Hacked: The New York Times office in Manhattan. The newspaper has reported that its computer system was breached by Chinese hackers

Hacked: The New York Times office in Manhattan. The newspaper has reported that its computer system was breached by Chinese hackers

Australia is a major buyer for U.S. weapons systems and is one of the largest overseas customers for the Lockheed Martin manufactured F-35, as well as for Boeing's F/A-18 Super Hornet and associated weapons systems.

Chinese telecommunications giant Huawei was last year barred from bidding for construction contracts on a new Australian high-speed broadband network amid fears of cyber espionage.

The Reserve Bank of Australia said in March that it had been targeted by cyber attacks, but no data had been lost or systems compromised amid reports the hackers had tried to access intelligence on Group of 20 wealthy nations negotiations.

The risk of cyber hacking came to the forefront of the news agenda after Chinese hackers were accused of being responsible for hacking The Washington Post and The New York Times earlier this year.

And just last month, hacking attacks on the servers of South Korean broadcasters and banks originated from an IP address based in China.

But China says it is impossible to tell the true origin of cyber-attacks, and accuses hostile forces of blaming it out of prejudice or a desire to put Beijing on the defensive.
Under attack: The Washington Post spent most of 2012 trying to deal with Chinese hackers who infiltrated their computer network

Under attack: The Washington Post spent most of 2012 trying to deal with Chinese hackers who infiltrated their computer network

Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2331992/Chinese-hackers-access-U-S-weapon-systems-steal-blueprints-Australias-new-spy-HQ-months-opened.html
 

J. Abizeid

Well-Known Member
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-11-24/us-criticises-new-china-zone2c-vows-to-defend-japan/5113408

US criticises new China zone that includes disputed islands and vows to defend Japan


A Japan Coast Guard boat and vessel sail past one of the disputed Senkaku islands


The United States says it is "deeply concerned" and committed to defending Japan after China announced an air zone in the East China Sea that includes disputed islands.
In a move US ally Japan branded as "very dangerous",
China said it was setting up the "air defence identification zone" over the islands administered by Tokyo to "guard against potential air threats".
US secretary of state John Kerry and secretary of defence Chuck Hagel said the US was "deeply concerned" about the moves by China, which also scrambled air force jets to carry out a patrol mission in the newly declared zone.
"This unilateral action constitutes an attempt to change the status quo in the East China Sea," Mr Kerry said.
"Escalatory action will only increase tensions in the region and create risks of an incident," the top US diplomat said from Geneva, where he was taking part in talks on reaching an agreement with Iran on its nuclear program

Mr Kerry said the US has urged China to "exercise caution and restraint", and warned Beijing against implementing its new zone.
"We urge China not to implement its threat to take action against aircraft that do not identify themselves or obey orders from Beijing," he said.
Mr Hagel reiterated that the Japanese-administered Senkaku islands - which the Chinese claim and call the Diaoyu - fell under the US-Japan security treaty, meaning Washington would defend its ally Tokyo if the area is attacked.
"We are in close consultation with our allies and partners in the region, including Japan. We remain steadfast in our commitments to our allies and partners," he said.
The defence chief made clear that the US, which has more than 70,000 troops stattioned in Japan and South Korea, would not respect China's declaration of control over the zone.
"This announcement by the People's Republic of China will not in any way change how the United States conducts military operations in the region," he said.
The outline of the zone, which is shown on the Chinese defence ministry website and a state media
Twitter account, covers a wide area of the East China Sea between South Korea and Taiwan that includes airspace above the disputed islands.
Japan nationalised the islands last year and has vowed not to cede sovereignty or even to acknowledge a dispute with China, accusing its growing neighbour of trying to change the status quo through intimidation.
China and Taiwan both claim the islands, which fall near potentially energy-rich waters.
Call for 'more collaboration, less confrontation'

The US says it has no position on the islands' ultimate sovereignty but believes they are currently under Japanese administration.
"Freedom of overflight and other internationally lawful uses of sea and airspace are essential to prosperity, stability and security in the Pacific," Mr Kerry said.
He called for a "more collaborative and less confrontational future in the Pacific".
The US, for its part, does not ask foreign aircraft to identify themselves if they are not intending to enter US airspace.
US president Barack Obama has pledged a greater focus on Asia in light of China's rise and plans to shift the majority of US warships to the Asia-Pacific region by 2020.
Mr Obama plans to visit Asia, reportedly including Japan, in April. Mr Kerry, who has invested much of his time on the Middle East, will travel to Asia in the coming weeks.



Map China's new "air defence identification zone", published by state-run media Xinhua News Agency
 

Dreaming in Red

Active Member
That's irrelevant. USA took over many areas by force. Regardless of who this belongs to, USA isn't a judge. It is an aggressor because it is doing this for its own interest just to limit Chinese power. That's it in short. China should fight for expansion, it's their full right. All countries took over the lands they have now even disputed lands by their sheer power. But when an American "opponent" does that, it's an aggression !!?
 

EuroMode

Active Member
China – Japan row escalates over airspace




China has lodged formal protests with the US and Japanese embassies in Beijing after both countries criticised its plans to impose new airspace rules over disputed waters in the
East China Sea.

The move is the latest in the continuing row between China and Japan over the tiny islands in the East China Sea, known as the Senkaku in Japan and the Diaoyu in China.

Beijing has warned it will take emergency action against any aircraft failing to identify themselves properly in the airspace,

source euronews
 
Last edited by a moderator:

EuroMode

Active Member
Airlines 'must warn China' of flight plans over disputed islands

Tokyo reacts in fury as Beijing demands flight plans of planes entering air space over Senkaku or Diaoyu islands



Airlines will have to warn China of their flight plans before entering airspace in the East China Sea, aviation officials have said, after it declared the creation of an "air defence zone" over islands that are also claimed by Japan.

Beijing announced co-ordinates for the zone on Saturday, along with rules ordering all aircraft to notify Chinese authorities as they entered – warning that it would take "defensive emergency measures" if necessary. That sparked an angry response from Tokyo, which has administrative control of the uninhabited outcrops, and strong words from Washington.

China and Japan have been locked in a row over the rocky islets known as the Senkaku by the Japanese or the Diaoyu by the Chinese for years. They are surrounded by fisheries and other natural resources.

A transport ministry official in Seoul told Reuters that South Korean planes flying in the zone would notify China's civil aviation authorities of their flight plans, as would Taiwanese carriers, according to officials in Taipei – which also claims the islands. A Japanese official said companies there would probably need to inform China. The zone covers an area roughly two-thirds the size of the UK.

The Japanese prime minister, Shinzo Abe, described the measure in parliament on Monday as unenforceable and dangerous.

"It's a unilateral step, changing the status quo in the East China Sea … It escalates the situation and could lead to an unexpected occurrence of accidents in the airspace," he said.

The US secretaries of state and defence both issued statements at the weekend expressing deep concern about the new zone, with John Kerry warning: "Escalatory action will only increase tensions in the region and create risks of an incident."

China hit back, with its state news agency Xinhua reporting that the foreign ministry had summoned Japan's ambassador to complain about "unreasonable accusations". A ministry spokesman earlier said it had lodged representations with the US ambassador.

"We reiterate that the purpose of China's approach is to defend national sovereignty and territorial airspace security, maintain the order of airspace flight, and is an effective exercise of our right of self defence," defence ministry spokesman Yang Yujun said in a statement.

He urged the US to "not take sides, not make inappropriate remarks and not give the wrong signal to Japan and encourage [its] risky behaviour".

Tensions over the islets escalated last year when Japan bought three of them from a private landowner, saying it was trying to prevent nationalists from purchasing them. China accused it of changing the status quo and there were widespread anti-Japanese protests. Behind the dispute lies broader concern in the region about China's growing power and assertiveness, particularly on maritime issues. On the Japanese side, Abe has a hawkish reputation and has sought to beef up defence capabilities since taking office almost a year ago.

"Xi Jinping is developing foreign policy with a great power mindset and people need to get their heads around that,"

said Stephanie Kleine-Ahlbrandt, Asia-Pacific director at the US Institute of Peace.

"They don't foresee any real negative consequences [from the zone]. They certainly didn't predict the level of pushback [from the US] – but they don't feel they need bother to budge. Since Japan does not admit the dispute they are under no pressure to have direct talks with Japan."

But she added: "I think there are a lot of people in China who think they can control escalation. I don't think that's the case necessarily.

"An unexpected aerial encounter certainly carries greater risk of a clash than anything maritime. The risks are far greater when there are reduced decision-making times and the like."

Earlier this year, Japan scrambled jets after Chinese planes and an unidentified drone flew near the disputed islands.

Western diplomats have said they are concerned that China has underestimated both Japan's maritime capabilities and US commitment to supporting Japan.

The area designated by China overlaps with similar zones established years ago by Japan and South Korea.

In its announcement on Saturday, China's defence ministry said it would set up other such zones when preparations were finalised. Beijing also claims much of the South China Sea, important for its shipping routes and rich energy resources, where a multi-party sovereignty dispute involves the Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei and Taiwan.

source guardian
 
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