Naturalization Decree of 1994

L

Lebanese_uk

Active Member
Does anyone here think it is possible for the 1994 naturalisation “law” to be revoked? Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians and Syrians got citizenship illegally! In fact, <i>everyone</i> that got citizenship through that law got it illegally and immorally.

There are millions of Lebanese – who are 100% from Lebanon - in foreign countries, that have consistently been denied citizenship! Therefore, how is it that Syrian and Palestinian Sunnis, around 300,000+ who comprised roughly 10% of the Lebanese population at the time, be naturalised? This is outrageous and amounts to <b>de facto COLONISATION!</b> There are millions of Lebanese abroad who have been consistently denied citizenship and we dish it out like confetti to non-Lebanese?

This law was supported by the pro-Saudi Hariri for sectarian reasons and was pushed through by Syria in order to solidify their stranglehold on the country. It also helped the Syrians because it would help maintain Arab support for its hegemony over Lebanon. This was attempted Sunnisation of Lebanon on behalf of Hariri’s masters in Saudi Arabia.

This was a despicable attempt by foreign powers and Hariri to artificially alter the delicate ethnic balance in Lebanon in their favour. It was Sunni Arab colonisation of Lebanon backed by foreign powers and Hariri. This diluted the true Lebanese identify. <b>It was virtually another Balfour Declaration!!!</b> These criminals didn’t want a free Lebanon, but rather just another mediocre Arab state that was dominated by the sunni community, as usual!:eek:

Instead of moving towards a truly representational system, this leadership attempted to replace the days of a Maronite dominated government with a Sunni dominated one! The corrupt thieves Siniora and Jumblatt are starting where these guys left off :mad:

Hariri used it as a tool to consolidate his and that of his allies in Saudi’s influence over Lebanon. Only once he was sure of the strength of his artificial stronghold in Lebanon did he and his Saudi masters begin to question the Syrian occupation of Lebanon. By this time, he predicted that if Syria left he would be able to dominate the country and rule it like his own corporation. He would have then been free to change Lebanon into an extension of the House of Saud.

It almost goes without saying that his murder was a criminal and immoral act. There is no excuse... He did some good and not all bad such as pushing for the reconstruction of Beirut.

The 1994 law should be <b>REVERSED</b> or at the very least citizenship that was granted on a false basis (e.g. fraudulent papers) should be withdrawn. As I asked at the beginning, does anyone feel either of these two alternatives is possible?
 
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  • kappa273

    kappa273

    Well-Known Member
    there are court orders to revoke the naturalization of many and the issue was followed by MP abi nasr..

    however the hariri gang is refusing to implement those court orders. those naturalized have voted for them....

    the feared problem is a similar decree (not law) which would naturalize the 400,000 or so palestinians..

    kappa
     
    Haruun

    Haruun

    Well-Known Member
    Revoke revoke revoke! See, the Syrians and March 14 have more in common than people think. They adopt the same policies, use the same laws, electoral laws and have the same approach in Lebanese politics- we control and run everything. Enough with these people, we need a real government in Lebanon, a Lebanese government, not a foreign government!
     
    Bullet Magnet

    Bullet Magnet

    New Member
    One of your MPs, Michel Murr, was one who benefited the most from that move. Can you convince him to let go of the thousands of mjanassin votes?

    Votes for politicians is like crack for junkies.
     
    coralie

    coralie

    Legendary Member
    Does anyone here think it is possible for the 1994 naturalisation “law” to be revoked? Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians and Syrians got citizenship illegally! In fact, <i>everyone</i> that got citizenship through that law got it illegally and immorally.

    There are millions of Lebanese – who are 100% from Lebanon - in foreign countries, that have consistently been denied citizenship! Therefore, how is it that Syrian and Palestinian Sunnis, around 300,000+ who comprised roughly 10% of the Lebanese population at the time, be naturalised? This is outrageous and amounts to <b>de facto COLONISATION!</b> There are millions of Lebanese abroad who have been consistently denied citizenship and we dish it out like confetti to non-Lebanese?

    This law was supported by the pro-Saudi Hariri for sectarian reasons and was pushed through by Syria in order to solidify their stranglehold on the country. It also helped the Syrians because it would help maintain Arab support for its hegemony over Lebanon. This was attempted Sunnisation of Lebanon on behalf of Hariri’s masters in Saudi Arabia.

    This was a despicable attempt by foreign powers and Hariri to artificially alter the delicate ethnic balance in Lebanon in their favour. It was Sunni Arab colonisation of Lebanon backed by foreign powers and Hariri. This diluted the true Lebanese identify. <b>It was virtually another Balfour Declaration!!!</b> These criminals didn’t want a free Lebanon, but rather just another mediocre Arab state that was dominated by the sunni community, as usual!:eek:

    Instead of moving towards a truly representational system, this leadership attempted to replace the days of a Maronite dominated government with a Sunni dominated one! The corrupt thieves Siniora and Jumblatt are starting where these guys left off :mad:

    Hariri used it as a tool to consolidate his and that of his allies in Saudi’s influence over Lebanon. Only once he was sure of the strength of his artificial stronghold in Lebanon did he and his Saudi masters begin to question the Syrian occupation of Lebanon. By this time, he predicted that if Syria left he would be able to dominate the country and rule it like his own corporation. He would have then been free to change Lebanon into an extension of the House of Saud.

    It almost goes without saying that his murder was a criminal and immoral act. There is no excuse... He did some good and not all bad such as pushing for the reconstruction of Beirut.

    The 1994 law should be <b>REVERSED</b> or at the very least citizenship that was granted on a false basis (e.g. fraudulent papers) should be withdrawn. As I asked at the beginning, does anyone feel either of these two alternatives is possible?
    as said before there is a law suit to deal with this issue . but for some dark reasons the law suit is still marinating in a ministery drawer go see why ?

    yes this law must be revoked 100s of lebanse abroad were denyed the citizenship did you check the majority of those lebanese are what ??christians by any chance ? you have your answer !

    One of your MPs, Michel Murr, was one who benefited the most from that move. Can you convince him to let go of the thousands of mjanassin votes?

    Votes for politicians is like crack for junkies.
    we dont have to convince any one a wrong doing must be corrected point a la ligne Michel el murr or whoever was with him and collaborated in this . justice must be done . the lebanese abroad are more intitled to the Lebanese citizenship then any oneelse and before any one else . the well being of our citizens pass before any ones personal intrests !
     
    Tashnag

    Tashnag

    New Member
    well, Tashnag & Michel murr are always on good freindship.But I am for sure totally against that action he did at that time. But what happened, happened. Now lets move on to correct all wrongdoings of past 15 years & the wrongdoings of this corrupted goverment led by sanyoura. In my opinion, this naturalized people must be stripped of their lebanese being as they aren't lebanese. I hope Saudi Arabia starts minding their bussiness more rather then interfering in our issues. I have a lot of hatred towards that country, since many years.
     
    Venom

    Venom

    Legendary Member
    a short study

    The 1994 Naturalisation Decree
    By
    Guita Hourani
    Director of the Lebanese Emigration Research Center of Notre Dame University, Lebanon
    In 1994 a decree was signed by the President of the Lebanese Republic, Elias El -Hrawi, Prime
    Minister Rafic Hariri and Minister of Interior Beshara Merhej naturalising a large number of
    persons. This decree, which was preceded by the establishment of the Commission on
    Naturalisation in 1992 during the first post-war government led by Rafic Hariri, aimed at naturalising
    som e stateless groups such as the Kurds, the Arabs of Wadi Khalid, and the Bedouins, among
    others. However, the majority of those who acquired Lebanese nationality under this decree were
    not stateless: over 42% of the naturalised were Syrian nationals versus 36% stateless, 16%
    Palestinians, and 6% from the rest of the world including descendants of Lebanese immigrants
    (Fatfat 2006).

    According to the Official Gazetteer Al - Jarida al- Rasmiyya, No 26 dated June 30, 1994 Annex 2,
    Decree No 5247 granted Lebanese nationality to eighty -eight thousand two hundred and seventy-
    eight (88,278) persons. Thirty -nine thousand four hundred and sixty families (39,460) were added to
    the Lebanese population . The decree did not list any names of those born in 1977 or before, as these
    people were considered minors. When the minors are added, the total number of the naturalised
    becomes 157,216 individuals, from 80 countries mostly Sunnis and Shiite.
    Around 32,564 of them were holders of Qayd al - Dars cards.

    The Decree naturalised 25,071 persons mostly Shiites who held Palestinian refugee status and who resided in the southern border villages of Lebanon.

    The Decree, which “sought – among other things – to rectify some of the initial problems that came
    into being when the disputed 1932 Census became the basis for the enjoyment of citizenship” (van
    Waas 2010: 7), did not have any “eligibility standards”, granted citizenship “without any defined
    requirements and prerequisites” (UNHCR LBN38078.E 2002). There were many issues created by
    careless execution of the Decree, and there were also reports “of arbitrary decision -making, failure
    to include persons who were outside of the country and administrative errors” (ibid.: 7). The Decreenot only created new problems, but failed also to fully address the issue of non -citizens resident in
    Lebanon, a situation which came about during the years of state formation and was exacerbated by
    the influx of persons into Lebanon during the Civil War years and the Syrian occupation era. Many
    of these claim to be stateless Lebanese belonging to the “Veiled Nationality/Unknown Nationality ”
    or to the “Nationality under Consideration” groups. Furthermore, the issuance of the Decree and its
    implementation opened an ongoing debate between Christians and Muslims over its legality in both
    form and content.


    The Maronite League challenged the Decree officially on August 26, 1994, contending that the
    naturalisation en masse was unconstitutional and that it granted citizenship to unentitled persons
    instead of to t he descendants of Lebanese emigrants whose parents failed to opt for Lebanese
    citizenship following the Treaty of Lausanne. In addition, by granting Palestinian refugees
    citizenship, their right of return to their homeland is violated. The League also cont ested the Decree
    for further disturbing confessional balance and communal co -existence in Lebanon.

    The Maronites positioned themselves as defenders of “the confessional balance and putting the needs of the country first, colloquially referred to as the ‘L ebanese formula’” ( Knudsen 2009: 58). The Civil War and the Syrian occupation, which have caused the death of tens of thousands, and the overseas exodus of hundreds of thousands of Lebanese “struck fatally and especially at the size and cohesion of the Christian elements of the population” (Nisan 2000: 60). The League feared that the Lebanese socio-sectarian environment and precarious sectarian balance of inter-group relations , which was severely affected by the Civil War and the Syrian occupation, would be further impacted by the Muslim composition of the naturalised, in as much as these formed 75% of their total number (Fatfat 2006). The “selective naturalisation” was thought to be “politically motivated.” (Abdelnour 2003: n.p.)

    The aforementioned data about those who were naturalised and their respective numbers lend
    credibility to the long -held belief within the Christian community that the 1994 Decree, which has
    naturalised thousands of Sunni Muslims, mostly from Syria or Bedouin nomads, was a politica l
    naturalisation act, one of the purposes of which was to alter the demographic make-up of the
    country in favor of the Sunni community. In our interview with S. F. a high level official in the
    Future Movement S. F. confirmed that the 1994 naturalisation Decree was entirely a political
    naturalisation undertaking, rather than a human rights project.
    Naturalising in order to shift the demographic balance of a country towards one faction or another
    is a common enough phenomenon in post nation-state eras. Bahrain for example has naturalised
    Sunnis in order to alter the make-up of the country, while naturalisation laws in 15 States of the
    former Soviet Union specify religion and ethnicity as prerequisites for acquisition of nationality in
    their territories.
    The Maronite League challenge was presented to the State Consultative Council Majlis Shura al-Dawla,the highest legal authority in Lebanon. On July 5, 2003, the State Consultative Council
    rendered its decision by referring the file of the naturalised t o the Ministry of the Interior for re-examination and investigation for the purpose of denaturalising select suspect individuals.
    It should be noted here that the verdicts of the State Consultative Council “are not issued with obligations to the Lebanese state, since its verdicts are not executed by force, but are left up to the goodwill of the state.” (Chalhoub 2004: 18) As a consequence of the Council’s verdict, the Ministry of Interior established a committee with the task of re-examining all the applic ations to ensure that the applicants had fulfilled the legal requirements for obtaining Lebanese nationality. The committee issued a report and referred it to the Ministry, which already had prepared a draft decree for the withdrawal of nationality from those who did not fulfill the required conditions. So far, the decree has not been signed. There is speculation that no prime minister is yet willing to sign such a decree for fear of going against his Sunni co -religionists, who were the major demographic be neficiaries of the Decree.

    In 2010, the Minister of Interior Ziad Baroud reopened the process by requesting the State
    Consultative Council to review each of the files. He stated on February 5, 2010 that the ministry has
    identified some who were naturali sed while serving time in prison and that the Ministry had
    prepared a draft decree and sent it to the Council of Ministers to withdraw select suspect individuals
    from the naturalisation decree. Once the draft decree is signed and enforced, all those who
    co mpleted the proper forms in order to become Lebanese citizens would no longer feel threatened
    by the abrogation of their legal status (An- Nahar 2010). In the meantime, uncertainty hangs over themass of the naturalised, despite the fact that they technically enjoy all the privileges of being full citizens under the law.
    It should be noted here, however, that Lebanon has not developed its regulatory frameworks
    regarding immigrants’ acquisition of citizenship and integration, in spite of the fact that the country
    has long been both a target for migrants and a source of significant out-migration.

    http://eudo-citizenship.eu/B0AB020F...4NaturalizationDecree-GuitaHouraniNov2011.pdf


    This is also one of the important factors that pushed the Christians to adopt the Orthodox law!! the lack of trust from the Muslim partner and especially FM is pushing the Christians to distance themselves from such a party.

    I think it is time to open this case again.
     
    HannaTheCrusader

    HannaTheCrusader

    Legendary Member
    Orange Room Supporter
    the massive nails in the coffins of the christians and later the shia

    an illegality that today we are seeing its results

    i expect another tejnees in 10-15 years of the syrians who will be living permanent in lebanon and for some palestinians as well
     
    Venom

    Venom

    Legendary Member
    Scary and disturbing to say the least!
    and some dare and claim that the Christians in Lebanon are less than the Muslims!! No they are not less, there has been cheating over the past 20 years!!
     
    Fakhr eddine 1618

    Fakhr eddine 1618

    Legendary Member
    1- Can someone get what is the percentage of naturalised Lebanese on Sects?

    2- Then I know that sometimes, they gave the id to the father in the decree and the name of the father only is mentioned there, then the father gave the nationality to his 10 kids and now the 10 kids have each one 10 kids. So the total today is 100 people for one person naturalised in 1994
     
    Venom

    Venom

    Legendary Member
    The Lebanese gov at that time, naturalized non Lebanese and neglected thousands of citizens from Lebanese origin and their descendents from this law!

    Moreover, why a women married to non Lebanese cannot give her children the Lebanese citizenship!
     
    Venom

    Venom

    Legendary Member
    Several sources report that the Lebanese government issued a decree granting Lebanese citizenship in June 1994 (UPI 22 June 1994; Mideast Mirror 23 June 1994; Monde Arabe Maghreb-Machrek July-Sept. 1994).

    Although the government did not specify how many individuals were naturalized by decree (Mideast Mirror 23 June 1994; UPI 22 June 1994), media reports estimated that more than 100,000 people were affected by the decree (ibid.; Mideast Mirror 23 June 1994, Monde Arabe Maghreb-Machrek July-Sept. 1994).

    Mideast Mirror reported that the Muslims granted Lebanese citizenship were mostly Sunnis from the north of the country, members of a community known as "Arabs of Wadi-Khaled," and the Christians were from seven different sects, mostly non-Maronite (23 June 1994). Palestinians in Lebanon were excluded from the decree (ibid.; UPI 22 June 1994), however, the Voice of Lebanon Radio quoted a PLO official who said that he believed that 27,000 Palestinians had been granted citizenship (29 Aug. 1994).

    http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/topic,4565c2258,465467da2,3ae6ab4e9c,0,,,LBN.html
     
    My Moria Moon

    My Moria Moon

    Legendary Member
    Orange Room Supporter
    The decree was wide spread all over the news when it was first known and adopted.
    Shows how "secular" Hariri and FM were and still are.

    The jab was a no secret then, a well planned long term plan to maintain the political upper hand and most institutional power in FM hands through the tipping of the sectarian balance and as a backup to Taif.

    Ziad Baroud started to dig up the skeletons, but where's FPM in this?
     
    Venom

    Venom

    Legendary Member
    from archives

    50 ألف عائلة في لبنان مهددة بسحب الجنسية

    * تنتظر اكثر من 50 الف عائلة «لبنانية مع وقف التنفيذ» الخطوة الثانية لوزارة الداخلية التي خولها مجلس شورى الدولة (القضاء الاداري) بحث ملفات افرادها وسحب جنسيتهم التي نالوها في العام 1994 بعد انتظار دام لدى بعضهم عشرات السنين.

    وشكل صدور قرار قبول الطعن عن مجلس الشورى ما يشبه الصدمة لدى فئات لبنانية عدة، ذلك انه تم بعد نحو تسع سنوات على مرسوم التجنيس وعلى نحو غير متوقع ما يهدد بأزمة على مستوى الشارع بسبب التعقيدات الاجتماعية والسياسية الناجمة عن اكتساب المجنسين حقوق اللبنانيين خلال هذه الفترة وما ترتب على ذلك من حصولهم على املاك وانجابهم اطفالاً وتكوين عائلات.

    واعتبر الخبير القانوني الدكتور ادمون نعيم ان بإمكان المتضررين رفع دعاوى على الدولة اللبنانية، غير انه رأى ان قرار مجلس الشورى «لم يقدم او يؤخر»، مشيراً الى انه بإمكان وزارة الداخلية اسقاط الجنسية عمن تثبت مخالفته.

    وقال ان على وزارة الداخلية ان تدرس الملفات وتنزع الجنسية عن المخالفين، غير انه يمكن للمتضرر ان يطعن بالقرار باعتباره اوقع به ضرراً.

    * وفيما نقلت مصادر قريبة من وزير الداخلية الياس المر عنه لـ"الشرق الاوسط" انه لن يظلم احداً، يتوقع ان يصدر الوزير خلال الايام القليلة المقبلة قرارات بتشكيل لجنة لبدء التحقق من ملفات المجنسين.

    وكان لصدور المرسوم عام 1994 وقع شديد في الاوساط اللبنانية خصوصاً من الجانب المسيحي المعارض الذي اتهم الدولة بتجنيس فلسطينيين وسوريين. واستخدامهم كأوراق انتخابية في بعض المناطق، خصوصاً في منطقة المتن الشمالي الذي يعتبر نائب رئيس مجلس الوزراء ووزير الداخلية الاسبق ميشال المر احد اقطابها وهو يترأس كتلتها النيابية.

    كما صدرت شكاوى من «الخلل الطائفي» في التجنيس لمصلحة المسلمين الذي بلغ نحو ثلثي المجنسين، فيما اضطر القيمون على المرسوم الى تجنيس آلاف الارمن في محاولة لردم الهوة بين المسلمين والمسيحيين.

    ويعتبر ملف الفلسطينيين من اشد الملفات حساسية رغم ان الدستور اللبناني حرّم تجنيسهم وتوطينهم. وقد منع هؤلاء من اكتساب اي حقوق للعمل والتملك تحت هذا العنوان.

    وقد عمدت الرابطة المارونية فور صدور المرسوم الى الطعن به امام مجلس الشورى. ورأت، في كتاب بعثت به الى المجلس، انه «يتبين من مراجعة الاسماء المدرجة ان عدد المجنسين من الطائفة المارونية زهيد جداً بالنسبة الى عدد المجنسين من سائر الطوائف». كما لاحظت ان المرسوم «لم يشر الى اي واقعة تبرر منح الجنسية الى المستفيدين منه». واكدت ان عدداً منهم «لا تتوافر فيه الشروط القانونية وبعد صدور القرار بقبول الطعن تقدم وكيل الرابطة المارونية المحامي انطوان عقل باقتراح شطب اسماء المجنسين من الفلسطينيين والمحكومين وغير المقيمين والخالية طلباتهم من المستندات المفروضة قانوناً ورعايا القرى الواقعة في فلسطين (القرى السبع) وشطب الزوجات الاجنبيات اللواتي اكتسبن الجنسية وشطب اسماء اولادهن. كما طالب بوضع اشارة على العقارات التي تملكوها تمهيداً لايجاد حل قانوني لها.

    ويعتبر موضوع التجنيس احد المحرمات اللبنانية التي لا يمكن التعاطي معها كبقية المواضيع الخلافية. حتى ان اللبنانيين لم يستطيعوا، منذ استقلالهم الى اليوم، وضع قانون للجنسية يمنحها بشكل تلقائي، فاكتفوا باعتماد قانون اصدره المفوض السامي الفرنسي الجنرال ويغان في العام 1925، أي قبيل اعلان دولة لبنان عام 1926 ثم استقلاله عام 1943. وقد ادخلت عليه بعض التعديلات غير الجوهرية. وباءت كل محاولات وضع قانون لبناني خالص بالفشل بسبب «الحساسيات السياسية والطائفية» كما يقول وزير الداخلية الاسبق بشارة مرهج.

    ومن هذا المنطلق كان مرسوم التجنيس الذي صدر عام 1994 حالة استثنائية «لانصاف مستحقي الجنسية وغالبيتهم من المسلمين». ثم عادت الحالات لتتراكم بانتظار مرسوم جديد. ويقول الوزير مرهج لـ«الشرق الاوسط»: «كانت هناك مشكلة في البلاد بسبب وجود مجموعات كبيرة من المستحقين الذين لا يحملون الجنسية التي كانت تعطى لبعض الفئات وتحرم منها فئات اخرى بناء لاعتبارات غير موضوعية». وكانت هذه القضية موضوعاً خلافياً ساخناً وموضع مشاحنات.

    واشار الى ان هذه المشكلة «تراكمت حتى كادت تتحول معضلة وطنية مستعصية». وقد ذهب البعض الى اعتبارها قنبلة موقوتة. لذلك بحث الموضوع في الطائف الذي اقر ضرورة حلها ووضع قانون للجنسية.

    واضاف: «وبناء على قرار من الحكومة انطلقنا في ورشة عمل لاخراج مرسوم جنسية يكون سليماً شفافاً ومعبراً عن الحقيقة الديمقراطية اللبنانية». ودافع مرهج عن المرسوم الذي «اطلع عليه اعضاء الحكومة والمجلس النيابي الذي صفق النواب فيه خمس دقائق لاعلان الرئيس الحريري عن المرسوم». وأوضح انه كانت هناك استحالة في بحث كل حالة بمفردها ان الامر كان يمكن ان ينشئ تعقيدات تعطل المرسوم.

    وتحدث مرهج عن خطة العمل التي اتبعت في التحضير للمرسوم، فاشار الى انه تم تأليف لجنة من وزير الداخلية والمدير العام لجهاز الامن العام، والمدير العام لدائرة الاحوال الشخصية، حيث تم رسم الخطة ليتم بعدها فتح باب تقديم الطلبات في كل المناطق لتسهيل وصول الجميع اليها وعدم تكرار ما حدث عام 1932. ولمزيد من التسهيل عليهم خصصنا يوماً لكل حرف ابجدي.

    وفي كل مركز كان هناك عناصر من الامن العام والامن الداخلي وموظفون من مديرية الاحوال الشخصية للاشراف والمراقبة.

    ولم يستبعد مرهج وقوع اخطاء في منح الجنسية لغير مستحقيها، مشيراً الى ان الذين عملوا على اعداد المرسوم «بذلوا جهداً كبيراً. لكن هذا لا يمنع وقوع بعض عمليات الخداع والغش»، مؤكداً انه لا يعتبر ان هناك «مخالفات جوهرية». وقال: «كان يمكن لمجلس الشورى منذ زمن بعيد اصدار قراره بحيث يمكن اجراء عملية تصحيح في وقتها قبل ان تنشأ تعقيدات عن هذا المرسوم على مستويات عائلية وادارية وحضارية».

    وعن التوزيع الطائفي للمجنسين قال مرهج انه بمعدل 70 في المئة من المسلمين والبقية من المسيحيين. واعتبر ان مرحلة تنفيذ المرسوم التي تم بموجبها استصدار اخراجات القيد وتوزيع المجنسين على المناطق هي الادق وفيها يتم التحقق من صحة المعلومات التي قدمها المجنس عبر «المطابقة النهائية والحقيقية بين المستندات وحاملها». لكنه اشار الى انه غادر الحكومة قبل هذه المرحلة التي اصبحت بعهدة نائب رئيس الحكومة وزير الداخلية آنذاك ميشال المر الذي تولى الاشراف عليها. وذكر مرهج ان المر الف في مارس (اذار) 1996 لجنة تحقيق لاعادة النظر في المرسوم، خلصت الى التأكيد على عدم وجود مخالفات او شوائب فيه.

    ووصف مفتي جبل لبنان الشيخ محمد علي الجوزو اعادة النظر بملف التجنيس بأنها "مشروع فتنة طائفية خطيرة»، ملمحاً الى دور اميركي في تحريك الملف.

    واعتبر الجوزو في حديث لـ«الشرق الاوسط» ان «سجن الفلسطينيين في المخيمات يؤدي الى تفاقم اوضاعهم»، مطالباً بـ«معاملتهم كاللبنانيين الى ان تحل قضيتهم» ومستغرباً اعطاء الجنسية للفلسطينيين المسيحيين فور وصولهم الى لبنان، وكيف ان الارمن اصبح لديهم نواب ووزراء.

    وحذر الجوزو من ان يكون فتح ملف مرسوم التجنيس هو بهدف «تطيير بعض المسلمين منه»، معتبراً انه «اذا فتح الباب فالامور مرشحة للتفاقم». واستغرب كيف ان الدولة لم تتحرك ضد اي قرار تجنيس الا هذا الذي منح العديد من المسلمين حقهم الطبيعي في الجنسية.

    ورأى ان «الفلسطينيين يضربون تحت عنوان عدم التوطين» داعياً الى اعطائهم الجنسية اللبنانية مع محافظتهم على هويتهم الفلسطينية كما حصل مع الارمن وكان الجوزو شن حملة عنيفة على وزير الداخلية الياس المر، خلال مشاركته في وضع حجر الاساس لمركز مهني في اقليم الخروب (جنوب بيروت) بمشاركة وزير الاقتصاد مروان حمادة. وقد وجه تحذيراً شديداً للوزير المر «الذي يقوم بعمل طائفي ومذهبي على حساب المسلمين». وقال: «لن نسمح لك ولأي مسؤول بأن تمد يدك الى هذا القرار وسنقيم الدنيا ولا نقعدها».

    * الحص: لست مع التجنيس العشوائي

    * نفى الرئيس السابق للحكومة اللبنانية الدكتور سليم الحص معارضته «بالمطلق» للتجنيس. واكد لـ«الشرق الأوسط» ان موضوع التجنيس لم يطرح خلال ترؤسه الحكومة بشكل جدي.

    وقال الحص انه كان مع التجنيس «بعد درس مستفيض لهذا الملف» معلناً انه كان يفضل صدور مرسوم بتجنيس ابناء القرى السبع وعرب وادي خالد «وليس عشوائيا»ً. واضاف: «انا مع مبدأ اعطاء صاحب الحق حقه من دون تدخل السياسيين».

    * مرهج: المسيحي كان ينال الجنسية والمسلم لا

    * اعتبر وزير الداخلية السابق بشارة مرهج ان قضية التجنيس «قضية ملتهبة تجاهلتها العهود المتعاقبة منذ العام 1932 وحتى الطائف او تعاملت معها من زاوية فئوية ضيقة مشيراً الى ان «المسيحي كان ينال الجنسية والمسلم لا».

    وأوضح ان الحكومة التي كان احد اعضائها «حاولت انجاز قانون للجنسية لكنها لم تستطع بسبب خلافات داخل الحكومة واللجنة الوزارية».

    * قانون الجنسية فرنسي

    * لا يوجد في القانون اللبناني آلية واضحة ومحددة لنيل الجنسية. غير ان القانون الرقم 15 الذي اصدره المفوض السامي الجنرال ويغان عام 1925 اجاز لرئيس الدولة «بعد التحقيق» منح الجنسية للاجنبي الذي يثبت إقامته في لبنان 5 سنوات من دون انقطاع او الذي يتزوج لبنانية ويقيم سنة كاملة في لبنان بالاضافة الى «الاجنبي الذي يؤدي للبنان خدمات ذات شأن».

    وقد عدل القانون في العام 1935 على يد المفوض السامي بيو. وفي الاعوام 1937 و1939 و1940 على يد رئيس الجمهورية آنذاك اميل اده. وعام 1939 ايضاً على يد المندوب العام الفرنسي هوتكلوك.

    وفي عهد الاستقلال صدرت عدة تعديلات في العام 1946 و1949 و1951 في عهد الرئيس بشارة الخوري وفي العام 1960 في عهد الرئيس فؤاد شهاب.

    * لبنانيون.. قيد الدرس

    * في العام 1932 اجرى الاحصاء الرسمي الاول والوحيد للسكان لبنان باشراف الانتداب الفرنسي، فامتنع الكثير من سكان الاطراف التي ضمت الى لبنان (الجنوب والبقاع والشمال وبيروت) عن تسجيل اسمائهم فيه سواء لمعارضتهم الانضمام الى لبنان الكبير وتمسكهم بهويتهم العربية او خوفاً من الخدمة العسكرية الالزامية او هرباً من دفع الضرائب. وهذا الواقع كان بذرة المشكلة التي نمت وتشعبت مع مرور السنين لتتحول معضلة وطنية.

    وفي العام 1960 حاولت السلطات اللبنانية حل قضية الاف من طالبي الجنسية من الاقليات (الاشوريون والكلدان والسريان والاكراد)، بالاضافة الى مكتومي القيد. وقد اعطي هؤلاء اشعارات تفيد ان طلباتهم هي قيد الدرس. وقد تحولت هذه الاشعارات لاحقاً الى ما عرف بـ«جنسية قيد الدرس» مع مرور الزمن من دون البت في طلباتهم. وقد منح هؤلاء هذه الجنسية (قيد الدرس) الى ابنائهم، ثم احفادهم حتى بات هناك نحو 30 ألف عائلة لبنانية «قيد الدرس».

    عرب وادي خالد: أهالي منطقة عند الحدود الشمالية للبنان مع سورية، مؤلفة من نحو 12 قرية، امتنعوا عن تسجيل اسمائهم في احصاء عام 1932 لرفضهم الانضمام الى لبنان الكبير وقد تحولوا مع الوقت الى كتلة كبيرة من الناس (تقدر بـ25 ألف نسمة) الذين لا يحملون اية جنسية.

    وبسبب عدم تمكنهم من دخول المؤسسات الرسمية اللبنانية عمل معظم سكان المنطقة في التهريب بين لبنان وسورية. ويتحدر نائبان في المجلس النيابي من اهالي منطقة وادي خالد (نالا الجنسية قبل 1994).

    اهالي القرى السبع: اصولهم من سبع قرى سلخت عن لبنان بموجب اتفاق بين الانتدابين الفرنسي والانكليزي وضمت الى فلسطين. وهذه القرى هي ابل القمح وهونين والنبي يوشع وقدس والمالكية وصلحا وطيربيخا. وبعكس اهالي وادي خالد، رفض اهالي القرى السبع سلخهم عن لبنان الكبير واحتفظوا بهويتهم اللبنانية حيث كانت قيودهم في دوائر النفوس اللبنانية. وبعد حرب 1948 نزح القسم الاكبر من أهالي هذه القرى الى لبنان حيث اعطوا بطاقات تعريف خاصة. (هوية قيد الدرس) ميزتهم عن الفلسطينيين النازحين الى لبنان. لكن الكثيرين منهم سجلوا اسماءهم لدى وكالة غوث وتشغيل اللاجئين الفلسطينيين «اونروا» للحصول على المساعدات الغذائية والملابس والادوية وتعليم اطفالهم، كما ان بعضهم كان يحمل وثائق فلسطينية.

    sharq al awsat
    July 2003
     
    The Jade

    The Jade

    Legendary Member
    The decree was wide spread all over the news when it was first known and adopted.
    Shows how "secular" Hariri and FM were and still are.

    The jab was a no secret then, a well planned long term plan to maintain the political upper hand and most institutional power in FM hands through the tipping of the sectarian balance and as a backup to Taif.

    Ziad Baroud started to dig up the skeletons, but where's FPM in this?
    Doing what it does best, adopting the "Haddoune 3anno" attitude.
     
    a59

    a59

    Well-Known Member
    The number of people who fairly deserve getting the Lebanese nationality is big but still neglected because of the mysterious sectarian balance, they don't wanna disrupt it in numbers (Which no one got a solid estimate of)yet in practice it's already disrupted. The Christians point of view is understood and their fear of mass citizenship giveaway is not a delusion, thanks to Rafic Harriri politics, still this is a huge problem and ruining people's lives who do deserve the citizenship, get a proper education and a job, some can't even afford renewing their papers every year so they turn into outlaws who can't get a decent life nor able to seek one elsewhere. Equality is another factor, a Mother passing citizenship to her kids must be a granted right. What should be done is simple: Cancel the law that Rafic Harriri designed to score musslim votes, withdraw the nationality from all those people (most of them don't even live in Lebanon anyway) pass a new bill under strict terms that ensures transparency and respects the Christians fears. Harririsim politics goes deeper than theft, Rafic destroyed a lot more along the way, there is no trust and every sect is in constant fear of being swept off.

    Btw FPM's stance from this is nothing to be proud of, some MPs suggested a minimum law that gives everything but the actual right. You can't tell someone born and raised in Lebanon you have to go serve your army period where your dad descended, get your marriage papers done there, register your kids there then watch them suffer like you did and do. Every decent or even semi decent jobs have the Lebanese citizenship set as a primary requirement regardless of the education level, why should they even bother going to school and then College if they can afford it when the result eventually is all the same.
     
    Robin Hood

    Robin Hood

    Legendary Member
    Orange Room Supporter
    The Lebanese gov at that time, naturalized non Lebanese and neglected thousands of citizens from Lebanese origin and their descendents from this law!

    Moreover, why a women married to non Lebanese cannot give her children the Lebanese citizenship!
    The excuse given is that this could facilitate Palestinian naturalization.
     
    a59

    a59

    Well-Known Member
    The excuse given is that this could facilitate Palestinian naturalization.
    The amount of Palestinians married to Lebanese women represents 1% of the whole situation, just another bo3bo3 excuse.
     
    Robin Hood

    Robin Hood

    Legendary Member
    Orange Room Supporter
    It's time to adopt a decent Lebanese nationality law.
    Lebanese women can give their citizenship to her children.
    People of Lebanese descent can acquire Lebanese citizenship.
    Only people who are of Lebanese descent can acquire the Lebanese citizenship. Foreigners can't be naturalied (Lebanon is not Canada, and can't afford giving citizenship to foreigners).
    All those who were given the Lebanese citizenship while they didn't deserve it should have it stripped.
     
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