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Russian Armed Forces and the Rebirth of Russia as a Super Power.

Is Russia the political and military equal of the USA

  • Yes

    Votes: 10 11.9%
  • No

    Votes: 57 67.9%
  • Mostly Yes

    Votes: 8 9.5%
  • Mostly No

    Votes: 9 10.7%

  • Total voters
    84
Thawra # Furoshima

Thawra # Furoshima

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Nord Stream 2 participants strive to complete project as soon as possible
Allseas has suspended pipelay activities until legal, technical, and environmental clarifications are received


© EPA/JENS BUETTNER
MOSCOW, December 21. /TASS/. Companies participating in the construction of the Nord Stream-2 gas pipeline will work to complete the project as soon as possible, Nord Stream 2 AG told TASS.
"Allseas has suspended pipelay activities until legal, technical, and environmental clarifications are received," the company noted.
"Completion of the project is important for the security of energy supplies to Europe. We, together with the companies participating in the project, will work to complete it as soon as possible," the company added.
Switzerland-based Allseas, pipe-laying company for the Nord Stream 2 pipeline, reported earlier suspension of pipelay activities. "In anticipation of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA), Allseas has suspended its Nord Stream 2 pipelay activities. Allseas will proceed, consistent with the legislation’s wind down provision and expect guidance comprising of the necessary regulatory, technical and environmental clarifications from the relevant US authority," the company said.




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It was reported earlier on Saturday that sanctions against the Nord Stream 2 and TurkStream gas pipelines, included in the military budget for the 2020 fiscal year signed by US President Donald Trump (began on October 1), came into force.
Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said on Wednesday that US sanctions against Nord Stream 2 violate international law and present a perfect example of unfair competition.
The United States Senate approved the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) specifying the annual budget and expenditures of the US Department of Defense for 2020 fiscal year (started on October 1), which obliges the administration to impose sanctions on the Russian Nord Stream 2 and TurkStream pipelines. Earlier, on December 11, the House of Representatives voted for the document.
The Nord Stream 2 project involves construction of two lines with a total capacity of 55 bln cubic meters of gas per year from the coast of Russia through the Baltic Sea to Germany. Gazprom’s European partners in the project are German Uniper and Wintershall, Austrian OMV, French Engie and Anglo-Dutch Shell. The pipeline bypasses transit states - Ukraine, Belarus, Poland, and other East European and Baltic countries - through the exclusive economic zones and territorial waters of Russia, Finland, Sweden, Denmark, and Germany.
 
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    Gazprom, Naftogaz may enter into 5-year contract, with 2020 transit of 65 bln cubic meters

    MOSCOW, December 21. /TASS/. Gazprom and Naftogaz may sign a contract on transit of Russian gas through Ukraine for 5 years, the volume of gas transit in 2020 will amount to 65 bln cubic meters, and in 2021-2024 - 40 bln cubic meters annually. The figures were confirmed to reporters by Gazprom after publication in the Ukrainian media.
    "The numbers are correct," Gazprom said.
     
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    Russia ready to include Avangard, Sarmat systems in New START after its extension - Lavrov
    "We have already presented Avangard to the Americans and we will be ready to do the same with Sarmat at a certain stage", Russian Foreign Minister said

    MOSCOW, December 22. /TASS/. Russia is prepared to include its Avangard and Sarmat missile systems in New START (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) when it is extended, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said in an interview with the Bolshaya Igra (Big Game) program on Russia’s television Channel One.
    "We told the Americans [at a bilateral consultative commission set up under the New START] that we have presented our new systems, including hypersonic weapons. We consider that the Avangard and Sarmat systems are covered by the treaty. We are ready to include these weapons and systems in the current New START (when it is extended)," Lavrov stressed.
    "We have already presented Avangard to the Americans and we will be ready to do the same with Sarmat at a certain stage," he noted.
    However, other systems, which Russian President Vladimir Putin mentioned in his address to the Federal Assembly in March 2018, are not covered by the New START. "We said that on these systems and on new US advanced military systems we are ready to hold a separate parallel dialogue. It should be certainly held as part of a discussion on a whole range of issues, which influences strategic stability," Lavrov stressed.


    According to Lavrov, a treaty cannot cover all issues existing in strategic security because new technologies are developed.
    Russian President Vladimir Putin announced in his last year’s annual address to the Federal Assembly that Russia was developing advanced weapon systems. This year, he continued this theme, saying that the serial production of Avangard missile systems had been launched in Russia. The Russian leader also announced about the successful pace of trials of the Sarmat intercontinental ballistic missile and the Burevestnik nuclear-powered cruise missile with an unlimited range capability. As Putin said, the rearmament and the trials of new weapons are proceeding "rhythmically, without delays and in accordance with the plan.".
     
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    Russia's Most Advanced Fighter Jet Crashes, Pilot Survives

    MOSCOW — Russian officials say a top-of-the-line fighter jet has crashed on a training mission but that its pilot bailed out safely.
    Russia's United Aircraft Corporation said in a statement Tuesday that the Su-57 fighter came down during a training flight near Komsomolsk-on-Amur in the country's far east. It said the plane's pilot safely ejected and there was no damage on the ground.
    The cause of the crash wasn't immediately known.
    The Su-57, which made its maiden flight in 2010, is Russia's most advanced fighter plane. It has stealth capability and carries sophisticated equipment and weapons. The twin-engine aircraft has been designed by the Sukhoi company to compete with the U.S. F-22 Raptor stealth fighter.
    The crash marks the first loss of a Su-57, 10 of which have been built at Sukhoi's plant in Komsomolsk-on-Amur for pre-production tests and combat evaluation. Some of them have been flown in combat during Russia's military campaign in Syria.

    The Russian air force has placed an order for 76 such aircraft to be delivered by 2028.
     
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    Russian army gets 6,500 new weapons in 2019
    All objectives outlined in the Defense Ministry activity plan and the state defense order for 2019 were completed, according to the minister


    © Marina Lystseva/TASS
    MOSCOW, December 24. /TASS/. The Russian Armed Forces have received more than 6,500 new and modernized weapons, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu told the ministry’s year-end board meeting, attended by President Vladimir Putin on Tuesday.
    READ ALSO
    Share of modern weapons in Russian army should reach 70% in 2020, minister says

    "All objectives outlined in the Defense Ministry activity plan and the state defense order for 2019 were completed. The highest performance index was reached in the last four years on supplies of weapons and hardware. Delivering more than 6,500 new and modernized weapons to the army increased the share of modern weaponry to 68.2%," he said.
    He underlined that the Russian president’s order to equip strategic nuclear forces with completely new striking systems is implemented. "The level of advancement in the [Russian] Strategic Missile Forces eclipsed 76%, while its level in [Russia’s] nuclear triad reached 82%," Shoigu stressed.
     
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    First regiment of Avangard hypersonic missile systems to go on combat duty in Russia
    Three other missile regiments have been rearmed with Yars mobile intercontinental ballistic missile systems

    Avangard missile system Russian Defense Ministry's press service/TASS

    Avangard missile system
    © Russian Defense Ministry's press service/TASS
    MOSCOW, December 24. /TASS/. The first regiment of Avangard hypersonic missile systems will go on combat alert this week, Russian Defense Minister Army General Sergei Shoigu said at the ministry’s enlarged board meeting with the participation of President Vladimir Putin on Tuesday.
    READ ALSO
    Russia demonstrates Avangard hypersonic missile system to US

    "This week, the first missile regiment armed with the Avangard system with the hypersonic boost-glide vehicle will assume combat duty," the defense minister said.
    Three other missile regiments have been rearmed with Yars mobile intercontinental ballistic missile systems. Russia has also completed deploying Peresvet laser systems. They have been on combat alert in the positioning areas of five missile divisions of Russia’s Strategic Missile Force since December 1, the defense minister said.
    Russia’s airborne strategic nuclear forces have received five new upgraded missile-carrying bombers, the defense chief said.


    Russia has also completed the tests of the improved Project Borei-A lead nuclear-powered submarine Knyaz Vladimir, Shoigu said.
     
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    Putin: advanced weaponry reaches 82% in Russia’s nuclear triad
    The Russian army can guarantee the country’s security, which is especially important in the context of the global instability, according to the president


    © Mikhail Metzel/TASS
    MOSCOW, December 24. /TASS/. Advanced weaponry in Russia’s nuclear triad has reached 82%, President Vladimir Putin said on Tuesday.
    "The share of modern armament in the nuclear triad has reached 82% and the latest Avangard strategic hypersonic missile system with the boost-glide vehicle has started to arrive for the Strategic Missile Force," Putin told a Defense Ministry expanded board meeting.
    READ ALSO
    Russia continues to develop advanced weapons - Putin

    Putin called the Avangard system the weapon of the future capable of overcoming both existing and promising missile defenses.
    Summing up the results of the Russian Armed Forces’ activity in 2019, the head of state said that many qualitative and systemic changes had taken place over that period.


    Important steps were taken in improving inter-operability and communications, reconnaissance and electronic warfare systems, first of all, by way of introducing the latest technologies in data collection, transmittance and processing, the Russian president elaborated.
    Putin recalled that a year ago he had spoken about the need to cut the time for decision-making at all the levels within the Armed Forces.
    "The result has been achieved. The use of advanced technologies, integrated solutions and new algorithms has helped improve the characteristics and boost the capabilities of the Armed Forces’ command and control systems," the Russian president stressed, adding that weapons systems previously operational in the Aerospace Force, the Navy and other armed services and branches were being consistently replaced with new armament.
    As Putin noted, the National Defense Control Center marked five years on December 19. In the president’s opinion, over this period the Center has become an effective instrument of command and control of the Army and the Navy and an important element of inter-agency interaction. Putin thanked all the Center’s staff and founders and wished them success in ensuring the country’s security.
    Robots and drones
    READ ALSO
    Putin says Russia will not threaten other states with its advanced weapons

    The Russian president noted that robots and drones increase the capability of Russian military units several-fold.
    "Robotized systems and drones are being introduced actively and used in the process of combat training, which enhances the capabilities of military units several times," he stated.
    Putin informed that all arms and services were receiving weapons and other military hardware based on IT technologies and artificial intelligence. He added that troops used the new equipment to regularly practice new skills in the process of exercises and snap checks of combat readiness to cope with complex unexpected tasks.
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    Russia live-fires ballistic and cruise missiles in Thunder-2019 drills

    "The nuclear forces convincingly demonstrated growing capabilities at the Thunder 2019 exercise. The naval forces and strategic aviation successfully performed all tasks within the framework of the Ocean Shield exercise. At the Tsentr 2019 drills military contingents delegated by eight countries for the first time practiced joint anti-terrorist operations," Putin said.
    Guaranteeing domestic security
    READ ALSO
    Post-Soviet security bloc to hold NBC drills next year

    According to the president, the Russian army can guarantee the country’s security, which is especially important in the context of the global instability.
    "The general analysis of the condition of the armed forces demonstrates their full military capacity. All types of forces are able to fulfill their objectives and guarantee peace and security in Russia. This is crucial, taking into account the international situation and the existing risks," the Russian leader commented.
    Russian military equipment must surpass foreign counterparts, because no chess draws are permissible in this respect, Putin continued. "If we wish to be able to win, the military equipment must be better than its foreign counterparts. It is not a game of chess where a draw may suit us sometimes. It is a matter of the military organization of the state," he claimed, adding that Russia was capable of achieving that and was already delivering results on key priorities.
    "All components must be worked on," he concluded.
    Outpacing other countries
    Russia is outpacing other countries for the first time in history by the level of advanced weaponry, President Vladimir Putin told the meeting with the country’s top brass on Tuesday.
    Neither the Soviet Union nor Russia ever "sought to create threats for other countries," Putin said.
    The Soviet Union "was always catching up" with the United States in developing the atomic bomb, strategic aircraft and first intercontinental ballistic missiles, Putin noted.
    "Today we have a unique situation in our new and newest history: they are catching up with us. No country in the world has any hypersonic weapons, all the more so, continental-range hypersonic weapons," the Russian president stressed.
     
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    Putin: Russia developing land-based version of Tsirkon hypersonic missile
    A unique situation has emerged for the first time in history in the sphere of strategic balance with Russia coming ahead of the United States in developing the latest armament, the Russian president stressed


    © Press service of the Russian Defense Ministry/TASS, archive
    MOSCOW, December 24. /TASS/. Russia is carrying out work on developing the land-based version of the Tsirkon sea-launched hypersonic missile, President Vladimir Putin said at a meeting with the top brass on Tuesday.
    "Our work on other systems is proceeding according to plan: on the Sarmat enhanced-yield intercontinental ballistic missile, on the Tsirkon hypersonic missile in its land-based and sea-launched versions, on the Poseidon intercontinental-range underwater drone and on the Burevestnik global-range nuclear-powered cruise missile," Putin stated.
    READ ALSO
    Putin: advanced weaponry reaches 82% in Russia’s nuclear triad

    A unique situation has emerged for the first time in history in the sphere of strategic balance: Russia has for the first time come ahead of the United States in developing the latest armament, the Russian president stressed.
    "It was the United States that created the atomic bomb and the Soviet Union was only catching up with it. We also lacked delivery vehicles, nuclear weapon carriers and strategic aviation: the Soviet Union was only catching up. The first intercontinental missiles were not developed in our country either: the Soviet Union was just catching up. But today a unique situation has emerged: they are catching up with us," the president stated.


    Russia previously made no announcements on the work to develop the land-based version of the Tsirkon hypersonic missile.
    Tsirkon hypersonic missile
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    Russia’s Pacific Fleet to upgrade warships to carry Tsirkon hypersonic weapons

    In his State-of-the-Nation Address to the Federal Assembly on February 20, Russian President Putin said that the work on the Tsirkon hypersonic missile was proceeding as scheduled. As the Russian leader reported, the Tsirkon is capable of developing a speed of Mach 9 and its striking range capability can exceed 1,000 km. The Russian leader added that the Tsirkon could hit both naval and ground targets. Experts say the Tsirkon hypersonic missile cannot be intercepted by any existing air defense capabilities.
    A source in the defense industry told TASS in late 2018 that more than ten Tsirkon launches had been carried out against naval targets at distances of several hundred kilometers since the start of the missile’s trials. According to media reports, the missile firings from a sea platform were conducted in 2016, 2017 and 2018.
    Russian warships and submarines currently armed with Kalibr or Oniks cruise missiles are expected to carry Tsirkon hypersonic weapons. Russian Deputy Defense Minister Alexei Krivoruchko said on November 8 there were plans to deploy Tsirkon missiles on the frigate Marshal Shaposhnikov currently undergoing modernization and on the Project 949A multi-purpose nuclear-powered submarine Irkutsk. Before that, Russian President Putin informed that the corvette Gremyashchiy might be armed with Tsirkon hypersonic missiles.
     
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    Keel-laying for eight new Russian ships due in 2020
    The Defense Ministry is currently working on reducing construction time of new vessels and equipping them with precision weapons, namely Tsirkon hypersonic missiles, its head revealed

    Showpieces at an exhibition of modern armament and machinery ahead of a meeting of the Russian Defense Ministry Board to sum up the results of the Armed Forces’ activity in 2019 and outline objectives for 2020, at the National Defense Control Center Mikhail Klimentyev/TASS

    Showpieces at an exhibition of modern armament and machinery ahead of a meeting of the Russian Defense Ministry Board to sum up the results of the Armed Forces’ activity in 2019 and outline objectives for 2020, at the National Defense Control Center
    © Mikhail Klimentyev/TASS
    MOSCOW, December 24. /TASS/. Keel-laying for eight new ships for the Russian Navy will take place in 2020, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu informed on Tuesday during the annual board meeting of the ministry involving Russian President Vladimir Putin.
    READ ALSO
    Putin: advanced weaponry reaches 82% in Russia’s nuclear triad

    "This year, keel-laying ceremonies for five ships have been held, next year, there will be eight more," Shoigu said.
    According to him, the ministry is currently working on reducing construction time of new vessels and equipping them with precision weapons, namely Tsirkon hypersonic missiles.
    Tsirkon hypersonic missile
    READ ALSO
    Putin: Russia developing land-based version of Tsirkon hypersonic missile

    In his State-of-the-Nation Address to the Federal Assembly on February 20, Russian President Vladimir Putin said that the work on the Tsirkon hypersonic missile was proceeding as scheduled. As the Russian leader reported, the Tsirkon is capable of developing a speed of Mach 9 and its striking range capability can exceed 1,000 km. The Russian leader added that the Tsirkon could hit both naval and ground targets. Experts say the Tsirkon hypersonic missile cannot be intercepted by any existing air defense capabilities.


    A source in the defense industry told TASS in late 2018 that more than ten Tsirkon launches had been carried out against naval targets to ranges of several hundred kilometers since the start of the missile’s trials. According to media reports, the missile firings from a sea platform were conducted in 2016, 2017 and 2018.
    Russian warships and submarines currently armed with Kalibr or Oniks cruise missiles are expected to carry Tsirkon hypersonic weapons. Russian Deputy Defense Minister Alexei Krivoruchko said on November 8 there were plans to deploy Tsirkon missiles on the frigate Marshal Shaposhnikov currently undergoing modernization and on the Project 949A multi-purpose nuclear-powered submarine Irkutsk. Before that, Russian President Putin informed that the corvette Gremyashchiy might be armed with Tsirkon hypersonic missiles.
     
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    Sources: the first prototype of the modernized Su-34 will be created by 2022

    Currently under development

    MOSCOW, December 22. / TASS /. A modernized version of the Russian Su-34 fighter-bomber will be created by 2022, in particular, a radar station will be replaced on a plane. This was reported by TASS two sources in the military-industrial complex.

    "Currently, development work is underway to create a modernized version of the Su-34. The first prototype of the aircraft should be released by 2022," said one of the agency’s interlocutors.

    Another source confirmed that the development of the aircraft should be completed within about two years. According to him, "another airborne radar will be put on the bomber, its navigation system will be updated and the information display systems in the cockpit will be improved."

    The interlocutor added that the avionics on the upgraded Su-34 will receive an open architecture, which will provide the ability to install systems developed on other aircraft.

    In August 2019, the Russian Defense Ministry and Sukhoi signed a contract to modernize the Su-34, taking into account the experience of using the aircraft in Syria.
     
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    Russian shipbuilders float out Project 885M first serial-produced nuclear-powered sub
    The sub is set to enter service in 2020


    © Alexandr Ryumin/TASS
    SEVERODVINSK /Arkhangelsk Region/, December 25. /TASS/. The Sevmash Shipyard in Severodvinsk in the northern Arkhangelsk Region has floated out the Project 885M Yasen-M first serial-produced nuclear-powered submarine Novosibirsk.
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    Russian Navy to get advanced Yasen-M and Borei-A nuclear-powered subs in 2020

    The Russian Navy currently operates the Project 885 Yasen nuclear-powered submarine Severodvinsk. The Project 885M Yasen-M lead submarine Kazan is undergoing trials. The sub is set to enter service in 2020.
    The Project 885 and 885M nuclear-powered subs carry Kalibr-PL and/or Oniks cruise missiles. Eventually, they will get Tsirkon hypersonic missiles. The Sevmash Shipyard (part of the United Shipbuilding Corporation) is currently building six Project 885M nuclear-powered submarines. In 2019, the Shipyard signed a contract on building two more submarines of this Project.
     
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    Russia to launch new Angara carrier rocket in 2020
    The launch was previously scheduled for December 2019


    © Sergei Bobylev/TASS
    MOSCOW, December 23. /TASS/. Russia’s State Space Corporation Roscosmos intends to launch a new Angara carrier rocket in 2020, the Roscosmos press office told TASS on Monday.
    The Angara’s launch was previously scheduled for December 2019.
    "Next year, we are planning to resume the launches of the Angara carrier rocket. The launch vehicle will be delivered by the Khrunichev Center in the first quarter of 2020," the press office said.
    All necessary organizational and technological measures have been scheduled to make the Angara a commercial spacecraft through the launch of its serial production in Omsk in Siberia. There are plans to produce eight Angara-A5 rockets (including its crewed version) and two light-class Angara-1.2 carriers a year after the enterprise reaches its designed capacity, Roscosmos specified.


    The Khrunichev Center reported in the summer of 2018 that it had already launched preparations for the rocket’s blastoff.
    The Angara is a family of next-generation Russian space rockets. It consists of light, medium and heavy carrier rockets with a lifting capacity of up to 37.5 tonnes. The new family of rockets uses environmentally-friendly propellant components. So far, Russia has carried out only two Angara launches, both of them from the Plesetsk spaceport: a light Angara-1.2PP blasted off in July 2014 and its heavy version lifted off in December 2014.
     
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    Kazakhstan's parliament approves spaceport cooperation with Russia
    Source: Xinhua| 2019-12-19 05:56:16|


    NUR-SULTAN, Dec. 18 (Xinhua) -- The lower house of the Kazakh parliament on Wednesday approved the amendments to a Kazakh-Russian agreement on building the Baiterek space rocket complex at Baikonur Cosmodrome, state news agency Kazinform reported.
    Kazakh Minister of Digital Development, Innovation and Aerospace Industry Askar Zhumagaliev said Kazakhstan plans to allocate 233 million U.S. dollars to modernize the Zenit-M space launch facility at Baikonur.
    Russia will carry out the production of Soyuz-5 carrier rocket, testing equipment, modernization technical complexes and upgrading spacecraft, which will cost about 916 million U.S. dollars, Zhumagaliev said in parliament.
    He added the original plan was to build a launch pad for Angara rockets, but due to multiple delays, the two countries decided to cooperate on launching the Soyuz-5 medium-lift rockets.
    "Both decided to implement the project on the basis of the Soyuz-5 launch vehicle. In general, Russia is responsible for the creation of the rocket, and we are responsible for the ground-based infrastructure," Zhumagaliev said.
    Zhumagaliev said the Baiterek project will help the Baikonur Cosmodrome maintain its leading position, and promote strategic partnership between Kazakhstan and Russia in space area.
    According to Tass, the Baiterek project is scheduled to be implemented from 2020 to 2023.
    On Aug. 22, 2018, Kazakhstan and Russia signed a protocol on the amendments and supplements to the bilateral agreement of Dec. 22, 2004. The two sides agreed to build the Baiterek launch complex for Soyuz-5 at Baikonur.
    Baikonur Cosmodrome, located in southwestern Kazakhstan's Kyzylorda region, is jointly managed by the Russian space agency Roscosmos and Russia's Aerospace Forces. Russia leases the spaceport until 2050.
     
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    Soyuz-5 rocket to enter service in mid-2020s
    by Jeff Foust — November 10, 2019
    zenit-3slb
    The Soyuz-5 rocket will use designs based on, as well as facilities at the Baikonur Cosmodrome built for, the Zenit rocket. Credit: RSC Energia

    WASHINGTON — The Russian company that markets launch vehicles commercially says it doesn’t expect the new Soyuz-5 medium-lift rocket to be available until the mid-2020s, despite leveraging existing designs and facilities.
    In an interview during the International Astronautical Congress Oct. 24, Evgeny Solodovnikov, sales director of GK Launch Services, says the Soyuz-5 rocket, whose design has gone through many iterations, likely won’t begin flight tests until 2023 and won’t start commercial launches before 2026.
    The current design of the rocket features an upgraded version of the RD-171 engine used on the Zenit rocket in its first stage and a second stage powered by a version of the RD-0124 engine used on the Soyuz-2 rocket. Both the first and second stages will be built by the Progress Rocket Space Center. The Soyuz-5 will use the existing Block-DM upper stage build by RSC Energia, who is also the prime contractor for the rocket.
    Soyuz-5 will launch from both the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan as well as the new Vostochny Cosmodrome in the Russian Far East. Solodovnikov said that Soyuz-5 will make use of existing infrastructure at Baikonur originally built for the Zenit rocket.
    “The idea is to have maximum compatibility with the organizational structure and infrastructure of the Zenit space launch system at Baikonur,” he said. Those facilities include a launch pad and processing facilities, which he said would require “certain upgrades” to accommodate the Soyuz-5.
    Solodovnikov emphasized heritage as a key selling point for the Soyuz-5. “They are trying to maintain maximum heritage with the available systems,” he said, although with upgrades to both the RD-171 and RD-0124. “The advantages of the system will be that it will be based on the available heritage.”
    Despite that heritage, development of the rocket will still take several years. He said a critical design review of the Soyuz-5 is scheduled for 2021, after which full-scale development and ground testing will begin. Flight tests will start no earlier than 2023, with commercial launches set to begin in 2026.
    The Soyuz-5 is a medium-class rocket, capable in its current design of placing 17.3 tons into a standard low Earth orbit and five tons into geostationary transfer orbit. “The size of the rocket will allow it to launch constellations, and still be able to compete in the GEO sector,” Solodovnikov said.
    He declined to give an estimated cost of the rocket, saying only that it will provide “affordable access” compared to existing and projected vehicles in that part of the market. There are no plans, he added, to recover and reuse components of the rocket in a bid to reduce launch costs. GK Launch Services doesn’t expect to start actively marketing the rocket to potential customers before the vehicle begins flight testing.
    Soyuz-5 will fill a gap in Russian launch services, Solodovnikov argued. The Angara-5 rocket, yet to enter regular service after an extended development period, will support larger payloads. The Soyuz-5 won’t replace the existing Soyuz-2, he added, which will still be used for human spaceflight and smaller satellites.
    The first stage of the Soyuz-5 is also being considered as a strap-on booster for a heavy-lift rocket under consideration, he added. That rocket would use six of the Soyuz-5 first stages as boosters for a vehicle capable of placing more than 100 tons into LEO. Such a heavy-lift rocket would be ready for flight tests “very tentatively” in 2028.
     
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    Mass deliveries of fifth-generation Su-57 fighter to Russian troops to begin in 2020
    The Su-57 is a fifth-generation multirole fighter designed to destroy all types of air, ground and naval targets

    Su-57 fighter jet Sergei Bobylev/TASS

    Su-57 fighter jet
    © Sergei Bobylev/TASS
    MOSCOW, December 26. /TASS/. The first large-scale deliveries of the fifth-generation Su-57 fighter jet to Russia’s Aerospace Force will begin already next year, CEO of the state hi-tech corporation Rostec said in a material published by RBC media group on Thursday.
    "Large-scale work awaits us in 2020 to stabilize the aircraft industry… The first large-scale deliveries of the fifth-generation Su-57 aircraft will begin. Of course, these are challenging tasks that will truly mobilize us," the chief executive said, commenting on the plans for the next year.
    Russia’s Sukhoi Aircraft Company signed a contract with the Defense Ministry at the Army international arms show near Moscow on August 22, 2018 for the delivery of the first two Su-57 fighters to the Russian troops. Then-Deputy Defense Minister Alexei Krivoruchko said that the first serial-produced Su-57 out of 15 such planes scheduled for delivery was set to arrive for the troops in 2019.
    READ ALSO
    Russia ready to deliver both Su-35 and Su-57 fighters to Turkey

    At the Army-2019 international arms show, the Defense Ministry signed a new contract with the Sukhoi Aircraft Company on the manufacture and the delivery of 76 Su-57 multirole fighters for the Russian troops.


    The Su-57 is a fifth-generation multirole fighter designed to destroy all types of air, ground and naval targets. The Su-57 fighter jet features stealth technology with the broad use of composite materials, is capable of developing supersonic cruising speed and is furnished with the most advanced onboard radio-electronic equipment, including a powerful onboard computer (the so-called electronic second pilot), the radar system spread across its body and some other innovations, in particular, armament placed inside its fuselage.
    The Su-57 took to the skies for the first time on January 29, 2010. Compared to its predecessors, the Su-57 combines the functions of an attack plane and a fighter jet while the use of composite materials and innovation technologies and the fighter’s aerodynamic configuration ensure the low level of radar and infrared signature.
    The plane’s armament will include, in particular, hypersonic missiles. The fifth-generation fighter jet has been successfully tested in combat conditions in Syria.
     
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    Russia in all its forms has always been the country of slaves and if people will not do anything about current actions of Putin and his henchmen Russia will remain the country of slaves:

    "Masked Russian Police Raid Opposition Leader Navalny’s Office"

    "Putin in mid-2019 faced the biggest protests since his return to the presidency in 2012 over the refusal to register opposition candidates for local elections in Moscow."

     
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